Aelfgar, Earl of Mercia

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Copyright 2007, Will Johnson, [mailto:wjhonson@aol.com wjhonson@aol.com], Professional Genealogist, All Rights Reserved.  This page is locked, if you'd like to add or correct anything, please email me.
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Son of [[Leofric, Earl of Mercia]] (see ASC 1057) and alleged son of [[Lady Godiva]].
 
Son of [[Leofric, Earl of Mercia]] (see ASC 1057) and alleged son of [[Lady Godiva]].
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He allegedly had a daughter [[Aldgyth]] who married her father's ally [[Gruffydd, King of Wales]], and, after the deaths of Aelfgar and Gruffydd, married as her second husband Harold, her father's old enemy.
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Primary sources seem lacking on these "facts".
  
 
==Primary sources==
 
==Primary sources==
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===Florence of Worcester===
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC The Chronicle of Florence of Worcester, with the Two Continuations], Thomas Forester (tr). (1854) H. G. Bohn 512 pages.
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC The Chronicle of Florence of Worcester, with the Two Continuations], Thomas Forester (tr). (1854) H. G. Bohn 512 pages.
**This [http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA486&vq=godiva#PRA1-PA464,M1 index page] proves that Aelfgar is mentioned only on pages 155-160
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**This [http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA486&vq=godiva#PRA1-PA464,M1 index page] proves that Aelfgar is mentioned only on pages 155-160, I will extract every reference below.
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**[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA486&vq=godiva#PRA1-PA155,M1 Page 155] : "[A.D. 1053] ...earl Godwine came to his end....His son Harold succeeded to his earldom, and Harold's earldom was given to Algar, son of earl Leofric."
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**[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA486&vq=godiva#PRA1-PA156,M1 Page 156] : "[A.D. 1055] ...king Edward, in a council held at London, banished earl Algar, earl Leofric's son, without any just cause of offence.  Algar presently went to Ireland, and having collected eighteen pirate ships, returned with them to Wales, where he implored Griffyth the king to lend him his aid against king Edward."
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**[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA486&vq=godiva#PRA1-PA157,M1 Page 157 (continues to page 158)] : "[A.D. 1055] (cont.) ...earl Algar entered Hereford and having slain seven of the canons....brave earl Harold...unwearied in his pursuit of Griffyth and Algar....Meanwhile...Griffyth, Algar, and Harold...met...and peace being proposed and accepted....earl Algar...went to court and was restored by the king to his earldom."
 
**[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA159&vq=godiva Page 159] : "[A.D. 1057] ...The renowned Leofric, son of the ealdorman Leofwine, of blessed memory, died in a good old age, at his own vill of Bromley, on the second of the calends of September [31st August], and was buried with great pomp at Coventry; which monastery, among the other good deeds of his life, he and his wife, the noble countess Godiva, a worshipper of God, and devoted friend of St. Mary, Ever-a-Virgin, had founded, and amply endowing it with lands on their own patrimony, had so enriched with all kinds of ornament, that no monastery could be found in England possessed of such abundance of gold....His son Algar was appointed to his earldom.
 
**[http://books.google.com/books?id=gpR0iz5GjYgC&pg=RA1-PA159&vq=godiva Page 159] : "[A.D. 1057] ...The renowned Leofric, son of the ealdorman Leofwine, of blessed memory, died in a good old age, at his own vill of Bromley, on the second of the calends of September [31st August], and was buried with great pomp at Coventry; which monastery, among the other good deeds of his life, he and his wife, the noble countess Godiva, a worshipper of God, and devoted friend of St. Mary, Ever-a-Virgin, had founded, and amply endowing it with lands on their own patrimony, had so enriched with all kinds of ornament, that no monastery could be found in England possessed of such abundance of gold....His son Algar was appointed to his earldom.
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===Anglo-Saxon Chronicle===
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*Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, G.N. Garmonsway (tr,ed). J.M.Dent Ltd, London 1972 (reprint 1992)
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**pg 177 : "The Laud Chronicle (E) — 1048 [1051] "And then Odda was appointed earl over Devon, and over Somerset, and over Dorset, and over Cornwall; and Aelfgar, earl Leofric's son, was given the earldom which Harold had had."
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**pg 184 : "The Abingdon Chronicle (C) — 1055 "A short time after this there was a council in London, and earl Aelfgar, son of earl Leofric, was outlawed without having done anything to deserve his fate.  Thereupon he went to Ireland, and added a force of eighteen ships to his own household troops, and sailed to king Gruffydd with that host; and he took him under his protection."
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**pg 188 : "The Laud Chronicle (E) — 1057 "Earl Leofric passed away, and Aelfgar, his son, succeeded to the earldom which his father had had."
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===Anglo-Saxon Charters===
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*Terry Booth posting to Gen-Med 23 Aug 2007 states : "Aelfgar the Earl's son ('Alfger þe Erles sune') appears as a witness in [http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=seek&query=S+1531 Charter S1531] (Will of Thurstan, son of Wine) dated (1043 x 1045) - noted as probably authentic. Unless it can be shown this is not earl Leofric's son, it would be the earliest record for him. He is also a witness as 'Aelfgar nobilis' in the 'probably authentic' [http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=seek&query=S+1019 Charter S1019] (dated to 1049) which his father 'Leofric dux' as well as 'Godwine dux' and 'Harold dux' also witnessed.  The 1049 date suggests that assigning him an earldom before then is probably incorrect, and that Florence is probably right in dating the start of Aelfgar's 'temporary' earlship to Sep 1051 (after Godwine had fled to Flanders).
  
 
==Secondary sources==
 
==Secondary sources==
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<blockquote>This article cites as it's authorities : "Anglo-Saxon Chron.; Florence of Worcester; Vitae Edwardi Regis, ed. Luard, in Rolls Series; 'Freeman, Norman Conquest,'ii. passim]</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>This article cites as it's authorities : "Anglo-Saxon Chron.; Florence of Worcester; Vitae Edwardi Regis, ed. Luard, in Rolls Series; 'Freeman, Norman Conquest,'ii. passim]</blockquote>
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*Vitae Edwardi Regis, ed Luard can be viewed in snippet form [http://books.google.com/books?id=QZQGAAAAQAAJ&dq=vita+edwardi+regis+luard&q=godiva&pgis=1 here] where we see that a search on "Godiva" yields only one single page, and no reference to any children.
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[[Category:Middle Ages]]
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[[Category:England]]

Latest revision as of 21:05, 6 February 2008

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