Arkansas

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(Background)
(Background)
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In 1804, Arkansas was called [[New Madrid]], in the Louisiana District of Indiana Territory.  In 1805 the Louisiana District of Indiana Territory became the Louisiana Territory.  In 1812, part of the Louisiana Territory was renamed the [[Missouri]] Territory.  In 1813, Arkansas County was created in the Missouri Territory, encompassing all of lower Arkansas, while upper Arkansas was still called New Madrid.  In 1815, Arkansas County was divided into two parts, the upper part called Lawrence County and the lower retaining the name Arkansas County.  The new Lawrence County encompassed almost all of the old New Madrid, while New Madrid was left as only a small eastern-most section of what it had been, along the Mississippi River.  The dividing line between Lawrence County and Arkansas County, was the Arkansas River.  On [[Mar 2]], 1819 the president approved the bill which created the Arkansas Territory carved from part of the Missouri Territory.  A small part of Lawrence County was left in Missouri, as was the majority of New Madrid county.  Arkansas Territory was legally born, under the provisions of the act of March 2, on [[Jul 4]], 1819, as Josiah Shinn states.
 
In 1804, Arkansas was called [[New Madrid]], in the Louisiana District of Indiana Territory.  In 1805 the Louisiana District of Indiana Territory became the Louisiana Territory.  In 1812, part of the Louisiana Territory was renamed the [[Missouri]] Territory.  In 1813, Arkansas County was created in the Missouri Territory, encompassing all of lower Arkansas, while upper Arkansas was still called New Madrid.  In 1815, Arkansas County was divided into two parts, the upper part called Lawrence County and the lower retaining the name Arkansas County.  The new Lawrence County encompassed almost all of the old New Madrid, while New Madrid was left as only a small eastern-most section of what it had been, along the Mississippi River.  The dividing line between Lawrence County and Arkansas County, was the Arkansas River.  On [[Mar 2]], 1819 the president approved the bill which created the Arkansas Territory carved from part of the Missouri Territory.  A small part of Lawrence County was left in Missouri, as was the majority of New Madrid county.  Arkansas Territory was legally born, under the provisions of the act of March 2, on [[Jul 4]], 1819, as Josiah Shinn states.
  
Josiah Shinn states that his research, based upon the 1820 census, showed that there were about ten thousand people in Arkansas at this time.  The first issue of the ''Arkansas Gazette'' (newspaper) appeared on [[Nov 20]], 1819.
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Josiah Shinn states that his research, based upon the 1820 census, showed that there were about ten thousand people in Arkansas at this time.  The first issue of the ''Arkansas Gazette'' (newspaper), published by William E. Woodruff appeared on [[Nov 20]], 1819 out of Arkansas Post, but from [[Dec 29]], 1821 began publishing from Little Rock.
  
 
==Demographics==
 
==Demographics==

Revision as of 07:00, 1 September 2007

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