Eve de Clavering

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Eve de Clavering

Eva was born between 1296 and 1306, as the I.P.M. of her mother Hawise dated 19E3 states that Eve was her next of kin and that Eve was "forty years old at that time" (see CTeG in Primary documentation below). It's likely that the I.P.M. actually states something like "forty years and more" but the cited work only states it as "forty years old".

Eve married firstly to Thomas de Audley who had died by 22 May 1308 when her marriage was granted as "Eva, late the wife of Thomas de Aldithlegh, tenant in chief" to Thomas de Ufford (CPR E2V1p72).

Eve married secondly to Thomas de Ufford, who on 22 May 1308 was granted her marriage "...or of any fine incurred by her by marrying without license" indicating they had already married by that date. On 9 Mar 1309, the Close Rolls have a memoradum concerning her dower, calling her "Thomas de Ufford and his wife Eve".

In 1319, her dower, one-third of the Manor of Cold Norton was leased by James Audley to Peter Giffard. James had acquired it by gift of Eve.

Thirdly, Eve married OR had a long relationship with Sir James de Audley by whom she had five children in the time period from 1314 to 1330. Her eldest son from this union, James de Audley was holding Eastington in 1357 and 1368, he died, unmarried, in 1369 at Fontenay-le-Comte.

As "Eve de Audley", she presented in 1332 to Blythborough, Suffolk, an honor possibly inherited from her father John who had presented in 1310.

She married lastly Robert Benhale who survived her. The Inquisition taken after her death states that her first husband had been "Thomas de Audeleghe" and that "...James Lord Audley was the heir of her first husband."[1]

Eve died 20 Sep 1369 and is buried at Langley "with all of her four husbands" (CP 1:348 per John Huggins).

Primary documentation

  • CPR E2V1 page 26-27 (PDF 105K) - Membrane 5 - 1307 Dec 14 - Westminster - "Grant to Hugh le Despencer, for the benefit of his daughter, of the marriage of Nicholas, brother and heir of Thomas de Aldithelegh' son and heir of Nicholas de Aldithelegh', deceased, tenant in chief, whose marriage does not belong to him under the late king's grant, for the like purpose, of the marriage of the above-named Thomas de Aldithelegh', who since the king's accession died a minor and unmarried."
  • CPR E2V1 page 72 (PDF 103K) - Membrane 9 - 1308 May 22 - Westminster - "Grant to Thomas de Ufford of the marriage of Eva, late the wife of Thomas de Aldithelegh, tenant in chief, or of any fine incurred by her by marrying without license."
  • Close Roll of 2E2 [1308/9] as cited here (the reference is only given as 2EwdII even though we might like to know the exact day), transcribed here, and translated here
  • On soc.genealogy.medieval here, Rosie Bevan states "The 1319 deed bears closer examination. While Mr Richardson has glossed over it, saying it is [an] indication that they had married by that time, the evidence shows otherwise. There were actually two deeds - one dated 1 November 1319 and the other dated 11 November 1319. The one dated 1 November was a deed of James de Audley leasing the third part of the manor of Cold Norton, Eve's dower, to Peter de Giffard for an annual rent of £23 6s 8d.,
"...covent entre Sir James Daudeleye de une parte et Sir Piers Giffard de autre part, cest-a-savoir que le dit Sir James par cest escrit ad grante et a ferme lesse au dit Sir Piers la tierce partie du maner de Coldenorton ove tous les appurtenaunces saunt rein retenir en le Countee de Estafford le quel le dite Sir James ad du donn dame Eve Doufford a terme de la vie la dite dame Eve a avoir le tenir la tierce partie du maner susdit ove les appurtenaunces a le avaunt dit Sir Piers, ses heirs et ses assignes del dit Sir James a terme de la vie la dite dame Eve. Rendaunt pures chescun an a dit Sir James vint trois livres siz soutz vyt deners desterlings a deux termes etc E si aveigne qe le dit Sir James devie. (No witnesses.) (1st November, 1319)" [NCHS, Vol. 5, p. 224]
With the kind help of Peter Stewart the above translates to, ...agreement between Sir James de Audley on one part and Sir Peter Giffard on the other part, notice that the said Sir James by this writing has granted the fee farm to the said Sir Peter of the third part of the manor of Cold Norton including all its appurtenances without withholding anything in the County of Stafford, which the said Sir James acquired by the gift of lady Eve Doufford for the term of life of the said lady Eve, to have and to hold, the third part of the manor aforesaid and its appurtenances to the aforesaid Sir Peter, his heirs and assigns, of the said Sir James for the term of the life of lady Eve.
Here we see that James held the third part manor by the GIFT of lady Eve, not by right as her husband ...."
The article in which the second charter is mentioned is by Josiah Wedgwood himself - Parentage of Sir James de Audley, K.G., in Coll. Hist. Staff. N.S. vol. IX, pp.246-268. This is a fairly detailed and competent study of Sir James de Audley and worth reading. The author included an illustration of the seal of Eve at the end of the article, and from the description in Hedley, it is exactly the same one as was used in 1334, with the arms of Ufford impaling Audley. They are of Audley of Heighley, those of her first husband, not Audley of Stratton.
  • Here Douglas Richardson citing The History and Antiquities of the County of Suffolk, by the Rev. Alfred Suckling, LL.B., Vollume II, published 1848. "He lists the following presentations to Blythborough [sic], Suffolk on page 161: 1. Alexander de Donewico presented in 1310 by John Claveryng, Knt., et Abbas, et Conv. St. Osyth. 2. Nicholas de Daggeworth presented in 1332 by Eve de Audley et Conv. 3. Walter de Hausted presented in 1371 by Sir Ed. Ufford, Knt., et Conv...."

Further reading

  • Complete Peerage 1:348 (sub Audley) which, in discussing Hugh Audley (Senior) states that he "...d. between Nov. 1325 and Mar. 1325/6, probably while still a prisoner... any peerage while he may have held to have possessed, may be treated as having been forfeited by attained.(a) His widow was living 1336."
    • footnotes:
    • (a) Sir James Audley, of Stratton Audley, his s. and h., naturally never took any steps to obtain a sum. to Parl., being quite unaware that future ages would ascribe to a writ of summons the virtue of conferring an hereditary peerage.
  • Complete Peerage, 2 (1912): 115-116 (sub Benhale) which states : "Robert of Benhale, distinguished himself as early as 1336 in the French and Flemish wars. He was sum. to Parl., on 3 Apr. (1360) 34 Edw. III, by writ directed Roberto de Benhale, whereby he may be held to have become LORD BENHALE.(b) He was not sum. subsequently. He m., before (1342) 16 Edw. III, Eve, (c) usually said to have been widow, but apparently only mistress, of Sir James Audley,(d) widow of Sir Thomas of Ufford, and before that of Thomas Audley, and da. and h. of John of Clavering [2nd Lord Clavering], by Hawise, da. of Robert de Tibetot. She d. 20 Sep. 1369, (Inq.p.m. 45(e) Edw. III) and was bur. (as were her 3 husband and Sir James A. afsd.) at Langley Abbey, Norfolk. He survived her and d.s.p., in or about, and not later than 1404, when the Barony became extinct.
    • footnotes:
    • (b) As to how far these early writs of summons did in fact create any Peerage title, see Appendix A in the last volume. V.G.
    • (c) See sub John, Lord Clavering [1299].
    • (d) See vol. i, p. 348, note "a."
    • (e) Not 43, as in Courthope.
  • Complete Peerage, 3 (1913): 275-176 (sub Clavering)
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