Ibrahim George Kheiralla

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'''Ibrahim George Kheiralla''', (1849 - 1929), the first Bahai in America.
 
'''Ibrahim George Kheiralla''', (1849 - 1929), the first Bahai in America.
  
Ibrahim was born in Syria, but moved to Cairo where he went into business.  While there he learned about the Bahai faith and accepted it.  In 1892 he immigrated to New York, and then to Chicago where he started converting people to the Bahai religion.  He married four times and had three children.  He wrote several books and eventually broke with Abdul Bahai who was the head of the world movement.
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Copyright 2007 by Will Johnson [mailto:wjhonson@aol.com wjhonson@aol.com], Professional Genealogist.  All Rights Reserved.  This page has been locked, if you'd like to comment on it, please email me.
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Ibrahim George Kheiralla was born at Mount Lebanon in Syria and educated at Beirut University.  He moved to Cairo where he went into business.  While there he learned about the Bahai faith and accepted it.  In 1892 he immigrated to New York, and then to Chicago where he started converting people to the Bahai religion.  He married four times and had three children.  He wrote several books and eventually broke with Abdul Bahai who was the head of the world movement.
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His early partner Anton Haddad wrote about this period [http://bahai-library.com/unpubl.articles/outline.haddad.html here].
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Ibrahim's third wife was Marian Miller, they were divorced.  He married his fourth wife Augusta Linderborg in 1904 and she died in 1912.
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Ibrahim took some of his converts into a new society that he formed called the "Society of Behaists".  From 1934 to 1937, Shua Ullah edited their periodical [http://www.h-net.org/~bahai/docs/vol8/bq.htm here].
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Ibrahim had two daughters and one son George Ibrahim Kheiralla.  Ibrahim's daughter Nabeeha married Ameer Hani Shehab, according to [http://bahai-library.com/unpubl.articles/outline.haddad.html Anton Haddad on page 10]
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Muhammed al-Ahari has collected the writings of Kheiralla's student August Stendtrend and published them as "The Complete Call to the Heaven of the Bayan."
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Muhammed al-Ahari adds this : "Further, George's daughter became a well-known art historian, Gulnar K. Bosch. While a son wrote a biography of the Prophet Muhammed "Islam and the Arabian Prophet," edited the journal "Arab World," made Hajj, wrote a history of the Saud family, and translated poetry by Kahlil Gibran and other Arab poets. His grandson Aly is a medical doctor, but I'm not sure if he is in Florida where his mother lived and died."
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
*Za-ti-et Al-lah, The Identity and Personality of God. N.p., 1896.  
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*Za-ti-et Al-lah: The Identity and Personality of God. Chicago: 1896.
*Bab-ed-Din; The Door of True Religion. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1897. 84 pp.  
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*Bab-ed-Din: The Door of True Religion — Revelation from the East. 84pp. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Company, 1897.
*Baha'U'llah. Chicago: I. G. Kheiralla and Howard MacNutt, 1900. 545 pp.  
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*Beha'U'llah (The Glory of God), with Howard McNutt. 1st ed., Vol. 1. 545. Chicago: Privately published, 1899. Reprinted 1915; see Collins 12.45 and 12.46 for details of editions
*Facts for Behaists. Chicago: The Author, 1901.  
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*Beha'U'llah (The Glory of God), with Howard McNutt. 1 ed., Vol. 2. 545. Chicago: I. G. Kheiralla Publisher, 1900.2nd. ed. Chicago, Goodspeed Press, 1915, 545.
*An Epistle of Peace. N.p., 1918.
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*Facts for Behaists, with Rosamond Templeton.  64. Translated by Ed. and trans. Ibrahim G. Kheiralla. Chicago: I. G. Kheiralla, 1901.
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*The Three Questions. 26 + 15. n.p. [Chicago]: n.d. [after 1901?]. Collins 12.55. Includes fifteen pages of Arabic quotations.
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*An Epistle of Peace. 12. Chicago: National Association of the Universal Religion, 1918. Bjorling has 1912.
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*Immortality Scientifically Demonstrated. 16. Evanston, Ill.: Kheiralla, 1914. Collins 12.50.
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*Universal Peace and Its Sole Solution. 18. n.p. [Evanston, Ill.]: n.d. [1914]. Collins 12.56.
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*Behaism: In Reply to the Attacks of Robert P. Richardson. Open Court 29 (October 1915): 633-40.
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*O Christians! Why do you believe not in Christ? 192. Chicago: Goodspeed Press, 1917. Collins 12.53. Kheirallah's first book following his defection to Mirza Muhammad Ali, Abbas Effendi's half-brother, to whom it is dedicated. The last chapter is an autobiography. [c/r biography]
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*Ninety-Five Questions and Answers Concerning the Teachings of the Behai Religion, Which Is Organized as the Universal Religion of the World. 14. Kenosha, Wis.: Dr. Ibrahim G. Kheiralla, 1925. Collins 12.52.
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*Immortality: Hereafter of Man's Soul and Mind: Man Never Dies. 32. New York: Syrian-American Press, 1928. Collins 12.49.
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*Miracles. 24. Newark, N.J.: W. E. Dreyer, 1943. Collins 12.51.
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*Proof of the Existence and Immortality of the Soul from a Scientific and Logical Standpoint: The Mind, As Taught by the Society of Behaists. 34. Newark, N.J.: W. E. Dreyer, 1943. Collins 12.54.
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*Reincarnation: The Return of the Soul. 24. Newark, N.J.: W. E. Dreyer, 1944. This appears differently in Collins 12.80, where it is anon., but notes that it 'includes an essay by I.G. Kheiralla'. He has 1943 and 23 pp. Title as 'Reincarnation, or the Return of the Soul'.
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*The Creator and What it Takes to Win the Peace. Newark, N.J.: W. E. Dreyer, 1943.
  
 
==Primary documents==
 
==Primary documents==
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==Secondary sources==
 
==Secondary sources==
*[http://www.bahai-library.com/provisionals/khayrullah.html Biography] of Kheiralla, canned and predujicial.
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*[http://www.bahai-library.org/books/bahaism/bahaism12.html Brief mention of him] in ''Bahaism and Its Claims: A Study of the Religion Promulgated by Baha Ullah and Abdul Baha'', Samuel Graham Wilson. AMS Press, New York. Reprinted from the edition of 1915, New York. First AMS EDITION published 1970. ISBN 0404069959
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*[http://www.bahai-library.com/provisionals/khayrullah.html Biography] of Kheiralla, canned and prejudicial.
 
*[http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/bahi.html More details] on Kheiralla, again apparently writen from a Bahai perspective.
 
*[http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/bahi.html More details] on Kheiralla, again apparently writen from a Bahai perspective.
 
*[http://scplweb.santacruzpl.org:2117/servlet/BioRC?vrsn=149&OP=contains&locID=scruzpl&srchtp=name&ca=1&c=1&AI=U14592010&NA=Kheiralla&ste=12&tbst=prp&tab=1&n=10&docNum=K1627500613&bConts=33 Biography Resource Center, "Ibrahim George Kheiralla"] citing Religious Leaders of America, 2nd ed. Gale Group, 1999
 
*[http://scplweb.santacruzpl.org:2117/servlet/BioRC?vrsn=149&OP=contains&locID=scruzpl&srchtp=name&ca=1&c=1&AI=U14592010&NA=Kheiralla&ste=12&tbst=prp&tab=1&n=10&docNum=K1627500613&bConts=33 Biography Resource Center, "Ibrahim George Kheiralla"] citing Religious Leaders of America, 2nd ed. Gale Group, 1999
*[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0275984133&id=AzCV2jC35WsC&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&ots=-9o2hoS48k&dq=kheiralla&sig=MvVizuY5Krs4m3uRql16lxabAPA#PPA82,M1 ''The Bahai Faith in America''] by Garlington
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*[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0275984133&id=AzCV2jC35WsC&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&ots=-9o2hoS48k&dq=kheiralla&sig=MvVizuY5Krs4m3uRql16lxabAPA#PPA82,M1 ''The Bahai Faith in America''] by William Garlington
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1860645615&id=elHww0W0ZO4C&pg=PA97&lpg=PA97&ots=5dfX0RgJuV&dq=kheiralla&sig=F0kFECvmY0_lHtKLycgy3k8W-UI ''Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the last 500 Years''], by Chehabi
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1860645615&id=elHww0W0ZO4C&pg=PA97&lpg=PA97&ots=5dfX0RgJuV&dq=kheiralla&sig=F0kFECvmY0_lHtKLycgy3k8W-UI ''Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the last 500 Years''], by Chehabi
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[[Category:Biographies]]
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[[Category:Illinois]]
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[[Category:Wisconsin]]
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[[Category:Bahai individuals]]
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[[Category:Bahai divisions]]

Latest revision as of 20:23, 24 September 2008

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