Richard Cecil

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'''Richard Cecil (d. 1552)'''
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'''Richard Cecil (d. 19 Mar 1553)'''
  
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Richard Cecil was a resident of Burleigh in the parish of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford_Baron_St_Martin Stamford Baron St Martin], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northamptonshire Northamptonshire]His father David, rose in favor under King [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_VIII_of_England Henry VIII], becoming [[High Sheriff of Northamptonshire]] in 1529 and 1530, and died in 1541. (See also [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Sheriff High Sheriff])
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Richard too was a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/courtier courtier]. I have found no document yet which gives me an age, birthyear or birthdate for Richard Cecil, however in 1517 he was a royal page; in 1520 he was present at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_of_the_Cloth_of_Gold Field of the Cloth of Gold]; he rose to be groom of the robes and [[Constable_of_Warwick_Castle|constable]] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warwick_Castle Warwick Castle].  He was high sheriff of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutland Rutland] in 1539, and was one of those who received no inconsiderable share of the plunder of the monasteries.  He married Jane Heckington, daughter and heiress of William Heckington of Bourne, Lincolnshire.  He had only one son, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cecil,_Lord_Burghley William Cecil, Lord Burghley] (1520-1598), but three daughters.
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He sent his son William to the grammar schools of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford Stamford] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grantham_School Grantham], and in 1535 William entered [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._John's_College,_Cambridge St. John's College, Cambridge].  Academically a success, William ran afoul of his father, when his heart was lost to Mary Cheke, daughter of a local widow, with only a fortune of 40 pounds to recommend herWilliam was immediately removed before he could take his degree, and was entered as a student at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray's_Inn Gray's Inn] in 1541If the motive was to prevent a marriage, it failed. Two months after he came up to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London London], William married Mary, probably secretly. Thomas, the future [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Exeter Earl of Exeter] and only fruit of this union was born at Cambridge on 5 May 1542, therefore presumably at his grandmother's house.  The marriage was so distateful to Richard, that he is said to have altered his will, or at any rate, to have intended to do so.  But the young wife did not live long, dying on 22 Feb 1544.
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==Biography==
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Richard Cecil was a resident of Burleigh in the parish of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford_Baron_St_Martin Stamford Baron St Martin], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northamptonshire Northamptonshire].  His father David, had land in Lincolnshire. In their book, ''The Great Governing Families of England'', authors Townsend and Sanford state that David founded a chantry at St George's there in the 22nd year of the reign of Henry the Seventh (1506/7)David rose in favor under King [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_VIII_of_England Henry VIII].  David was appointed bailiff of Whittlesey Mere and [[Keeper of the Swans]] in 3H8. In 5H8 David was made one of the King's Sergeants-at-Arms and "...thus obtained for his son Richard the office of page". David became  [[High Sheriff of Northamptonshire]] in 1529 and 1530, and was three times an alderman of Stamford.   David was also in 1535 [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66250 Bailiff of Tinwell], a post also taken up by his son Richard and grandson William. David died in 1536, his only known wife was Jane Dichons, daughter and heiress of John Dichons of Stamford by Margaret, heiress of John Sewark.
  
When Richard died 19 Mar 1552/3 ([http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC04293172&id=0HHbZEfy6lYC&pg=PA13&dq=richard+cecil+burghley "The Cecil Family, pg 12"]), he left an ample estate behind him in the counties of Rutland, Northamptonshire and elsewhere.  He died at his house in Cannon Row and was buried at St. Margaret's, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westminster Westminster].
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Richard too was a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/courtier courtier].  I have found no document yet which gives me an age, birthyear or birthdate for Richard Cecil, however in 1517 he was a royal page; in 1520 he was present at the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_of_the_Cloth_of_Gold Field of the Cloth of Gold]; he rose to be groom of the robes and [[Constable_of_Warwick_Castle|constable]] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warwick_Castle Warwick Castle].  He was High Sheriff of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutland Rutland] in 1539, and was one of those who received no inconsiderable share of the plunder of the monasteries.  When Henry VIII died, Richard received the grant of the lordship and manor of Tinwell and the advowson of the rectory, where his father David (now deceased) had been bailiff.  Richard married Jane Heckington, daughter and heiress of William Heckington of Bourne, Lincolnshire.  He had only one son, [[William Cecil, Lord Burghley]] (1520-1598), but three daughters.
  
Richard's widow Jane died in 10 March 1587/8. [http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Documents/WilliamCecil1 "Complete Peerage, Burghley, pg 428"]
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He sent his son William to the grammar schools of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford Stamford] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grantham_School Grantham], and in 1535 William entered [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._John's_College,_Cambridge St. John's College, Cambridge].  Academically a success, William ran afoul of his father, when his heart was lost to Mary Cheke, daughter of a local widow, with only a fortune of 40 pounds to recommend her.  William was immediately removed before he could take his degree, and was entered as a student at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray's_Inn Gray's Inn] in 1541.  If the motive was to prevent a marriage, it failed.  Two months after he came up to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London London], William married Mary, probably secretly.  We know the date Aug 8, 1541, from William's own diary entry.<sup>[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1402159013&id=Wdngqyl9coAC&pg=RA5-PA63&lpg=RA5-PA63&sig=Pdl1T_NOgmfs-4gdFstauZXCu-o#PRA5-PA96,M1]</sup> Thomas, the future [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Exeter Earl of Exeter] and only fruit of this union was born at Cambridge on 5 May 1542, therefore presumably at his grandmother's house.  The marriage was so distateful to Richard, that he is said to have altered his will, or at any rate, to have intended to do so.  But the young wife did not live long, dying on 22 Feb 1544, after which William married again in 1545 to the much better received Mildred Cooke, a lady of some learning, and family connections.
  
Of Richard's daughters, Anne (also called Agnes) married Thomas White of Tuxford, Notts.; Margaret married Roger Cave and secondly Ambrose Smith; and Elizabeth married [[RobertWingfield|Robert Wingfield]] and secondly Hugh Allington.
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When Richard died 19 Mar 1552/3<sup>[http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC04293172&id=0HHbZEfy6lYC&pg=PA13&dq=richard+cecil+burghley]</sup>, he left an ample estate behind him in the counties of Rutland, Northamptonshire and elsewhere. He died at his house in Cannon Row and was buried at St. Margaret's, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westminster Westminster].
  
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Richard's widow Jane died in 10 March 1587/8. <sup>[http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/WilliamCecil1]</sup>
  
==Original documents==
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Richard and Jane have a wall monument in the Cecil Chapel of St Martin's, Stamford, Lincolnshire, with the effigies of themselves and their three daughters.
*[http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Documents/Cecil1 Granted reversion of several offices, and mention of prior lease of some lands around Maxey]
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==Family==
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Richard and Jane had four children, the order of the daughters is not known to me, but from the ages of their children, it was probably Anne, Elizabeth, Margaret, in that order.
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*[[William Cecil, Lord Burghley]], born 13 Sep 1520
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*[[Anne Cecil|Anne]] (also called Agnes) who married Thomas White of Tuxford, Nottinghamshire
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*[[Elizabeth Cecil|Elizabeth]] married first [[RobertWingfield|Robert Wingfield]] of Upton and secondly Hugh Allington of Tinwell
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*[[Margaret Cecil|Margaret]] married first Roger Cave of Stanford, and secondly Erasmus (aka Ambrose) Smith of Husbands Bosworth
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See also [[Descendents of Richard Cecil]] and [[Cecil Number]]
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==Primary documents==
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*[http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Documents/RichardCecil1 Granted reversion of several offices, and mention of prior lease of some lands around Maxey]
 
*[http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Documents/RichardCecil2 His cemetery monument]
 
*[http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Documents/RichardCecil2 His cemetery monument]
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=zS4EAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA4-PA96&vq=white Visitation of Nottingham 1614, p96 "White"], showing Thomas White married Anne d of Richard Cecil, and showing her three siblings, as above, without indicating their order.
  
 
==Secondary sources==
 
==Secondary sources==
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dictionary_of_National_Biography#The_first_series DNB], [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=6892&path=Brown+-+Chaloner.Dictionary+Of+National+Biography.CE.15&fn=william&ln=cecil&st=d&pid=11794&rc=135,631,256,661;291,632,483,662&zp=75 "William Cecil, Lord Burghley]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dictionary_of_National_Biography#The_first_series DNB], [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=6892&path=Brown+-+Chaloner.Dictionary+Of+National+Biography.CE.15&fn=william&ln=cecil&st=d&pid=11794&rc=135,631,256,661;291,632,483,662&zp=75 "William Cecil, Lord Burghley]
*Complete Peerage, "Burghley", pg 428, transcribed [http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Documents/WilliamCecil1.htm here]
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*Complete Peerage, "Burghley", pg 428, transcribed [http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/WilliamCecil1 here]
*[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1402159013&id=Wdngqyl9coAC&pg=RA5-PA63&lpg=RA5-PA63&sig=Pdl1T_NOgmfs-4gdFstauZXCu-o The Great Governing Families of England, Vol 2, pg 63]
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*[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45534&strquery=cecil BHO] mentioning tomb effigy of Richard Cecil
*[http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004190&tree=LEO His entry at genealogics]
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*[http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1402159013&id=Wdngqyl9coAC&pg=RA5-PA63&lpg=RA5-PA63&sig=Pdl1T_NOgmfs-4gdFstauZXCu-o The Great Governing Families of England, by Meredith White Townsend and John Langton Sanford; Vol 2, pg 61-64]
*[http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CECIL.htm#Richard%20CECIL%20(CYSSEL)1 His entry at tudorplace.com.ar]
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*[http://www.thepeerage.com/p6159.htm#i61586 His entry at thepeerage.com]
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~wjhonson/Royals/GED2WEB/people/p0000066.htm#I2364 "Richard Cecil, Esq"] at Will Johnson's ''Royals'' database
*[http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/british/cc4aq/cecil01.htm His entry at stirnet.com]
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*[http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00004190&tree=LEO "Richard Cecil"] at Leo van de Pas' Genealogics database
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*[http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CECIL.htm#Richard%20CECIL%20(CYSSEL)1 Cecil family entry at tudorplace.com.ar]
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*[http://www.thepeerage.com/p6159.htm#i61586 "Richard Cecil"] at ThePeerage.com
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*[http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/AF/individual_record.asp?recid=7672598&lds=0&frompage=0 "Richard Cecil"] in the Ancestral File, AFN: 9G53-8K
  
 
==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==
[http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC04293172&id=0HHbZEfy6lYC&printsec=toc&dq=richard+cecil+burghley <i>The Cecil Family</i>, by George Ravenscroft Dennis]
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[http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC04293172&id=0HHbZEfy6lYC&printsec=toc&dq=richard+cecil+burghley <i>The Cecil Family</i>, by George Ravenscroft Dennis]. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1914.
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[[Category:Middle Ages]]
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[[Category:England]]

Latest revision as of 17:48, 30 January 2016

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